Tanning process in the leather industry ?

Tanning process in leather industry


Florence is well known as the birthplace of Renaissance art and humanist thinking but it was the economic power it wielded that made it possible for culture to flourish. At the foundations of the city’s economic success lay the “Arti” that worked kind of like unions in protecting workers and the trade secrets that would make Florentine craftsmanship (especially fabrics and leather) known throughout Europe. The Arte dei Cuoiai, or the leather-workers guild, was created in 1282 but it wasn’t until the more recent centuries that leather began to take a centre stage as one of the items that embody Italian craftsmanship and design. Today we want to speak about this, especially about the art of tanning (leather). We want to focus on how florentines manage these techniques and how they transform the raw hide into what is known as leather.

Tanning process in leather industry

According with Wikipedia “Tanning is the process of treating skins and hides of animals to produce leather. A tannery is the place where the skins are processed.”

Tanning hide into leather involves a process which permanently alters the protein structure of skin, making it more durable and less susceptible to decomposition, and colouring.

Before tanning, the skins are dehaired, degreased, desalted, and soaked in water over a period of six hours to two days. Historically this process was considered a noxious or “odoriferous trade” and relegated to the outskirts of town.

Historically, tanning used tannin, an acidic chemical compound from which the tanning process draws its name, derived from the bark of certain trees. An alternative method, developed in the 1800s, is chrome tanning, where chromium salts are used instead of natural tannins.

What is the tanning process in the leather industry

The tanning process in the leather industry

What tanning process did the leather go through?

Tanning is the most important part of the leather making process. It transforms the raw hide into what is known as leather. This process stabilises the leather so it can’t decompose, soak up water or shrink. There are two main ways to do this.

  • Chrome Tanning / mineral tanning: Processing the hide in a mix of acids, chemicals, and salts. This can take 3-24 hours. Most of the leather around the world has undergone chrome tanning.
  • Vegetable Tanning: This can also be called natural leather or bio leather (although these terms are kind of thrown around to mean whatever the seller wants). This is the traditional tanning method that soaks the hides in vats of water mixed with natural vegetable solutions made from the bark, roots and leaves of numerous plant sources such as oak, spruce, chestnut, mimosa, and many others. This process takes many weeks. This is the closest to the traditional tanning methods and the best for the environment.

Our infallible method has been handed down for centuries, which is why Florentine art is now known throughout the world and together with its products. Buying genuine leather accessories means giving value to tradition. Come and visit our online store.




Guide to spot a fake leather

How to spot a fake leather with 3 simple steps


Leather is a durable material created by tanning animal rawhide and skins. However, there are two main types of leather in the market as real leather and faux leather/vegan leather. Pure leather or real leather is made from animal hides while vegan leather is made from synthetic materials like plastics. When you are buying leather products, make sure to pay attention to the grade of leather. Be careful- being deceived is an instant. For these reasons, we at Florence leather market have listed a series of points that you can use as a starting point to understand if it is real leather or not. 

Martina MG  

Read, always read 

Real leather: It seems obvious but read the tag or label. If it’s real leather, it will proudly say so. If you see “100% leather,” “full-grain leather,” “top grain leather,” or “genuine leather,” you’re headed in the right direction. (Learn more about the different types of leather).

Bonded leather: If the label doesn’t say anything at all about the material, it’s probably bonded leather (or even faux leather, which is completely synthetic). Full or top-grain leather and even genuine leather are always proudly noted, like in each description of our leather messenger bags. Also, check the price tag. We love a deal as much as the next guy, but real quality leather, particularly full-grain leather, is much more expensive to work with than bonded leather, so if the price seems too good to be true – it probably is.


Real leather: Remember again, real leather is a natural material. So, when you run your fingers across it, it doesn’t feel perfectly smooth. Press your finger into the leather – the surface will stretch and wrinkle a bit, like skin. This is especially true of full-grain leather, and may also be noticed in top grain leather. Genuine leather may not pass this test.

Bonded leather: When you run your fingers across bonded leather, it feels cold and unnaturally even. Also, when you press your finger into the surface, it doesn’t act like skin. Rather than stretching or wrinkling, the bonded leather simply depresses under your finger while still retaining its shape.


Real leather: If you’ve smelled real leather before, you know it has a distinctive “leathery” smell – it has a natural, organic, skin scent that cannot be accurately manufactured.

Bonded leather: There is no reliable way to fake the smell of real quality leather. Because it’s just the pulp of leather scraps mixed with chemicals, bonded leather will have varying degrees of a plasticky, chemical odor (if any odor at all). 

Suffice it to say, if you want real leather, you don’t want bonded leather. And if you want real, quality leather, you probably don’t want “genuine leather” either. (Okay, if you’re buying a leather-bound Bible, it’s probably bonded leather—that’s not a big deal. God will forgive you.) But, when you’re buying a leather briefcase or leather jacket, be sure you know what you’re getting.


These are just a few tips that can help you with your purchase. To become a leather expert, keep following us on our blog and on our social channels



wallet for men

Best wallets for men 2022


In 2022, the best men’s wallets are uniformly leaner and cleaner than you might be accustomed to. They’ve got plenty of storage space for the things you truly need, but if you’re the kind of guy who opts into every rewards program at every coffee shop you frequent, they’ll force you to pare down your everyday carry in a very healthy way. Plush genuine leather is still the standard for top-end wallets, but what we’re really looking for is something that’ll make onlookers gasp for all the right reasons: striking good looks, superlative functionality, uncommon details. From best-in-class bargains to old-world heirlooms to wild-style swerves, the 3 we’ve chosen here hit the bull’s-eye in all of those categories and more. Regardless of your budget or taste or which pocket you keep ’em in, these are the very best wallets for men.

Fashion wallet for men


Gianni V is your typical bill fold in many senses however we at Florence Leather Market have managed to fit up to 8 cards along with notes in this wallet. The sharply cut design on the interior of Gianni V keeps cards easily accessible and stylishly secure. Each slot has been designed to carry 2 cards and bills can be stored in the bill pocket which is fully lined using our luxuriously printed lining. Simple and slick, Gianni will take every step with you. The soft and supple leather utilised in our wallets will mould to your pockets and cards resulting in unprecedented comfort. 

Coin purse

Maybe you’ve got more to haul around than a measly card case can accommodate, or maybe you just want a larger standout wallet for, you know, the flex. In either instance, we’d direct you to the Florence Leather Market signature zip wallet. Genuine leather coin purse for man, with 2 zippered compartments. Made in Italy with high quality soft calf leather. Characterised by metal details in brushed brass. It keeps your belongings well organised, can securely and easily carry both money and coins.

Card holder or money clip?

Luigi is Florence Leather Market’s iteration of what a classy business card holder looks like, or indeed if you are a self-proclaimed minimalist ninja go ahead and use it as your daily wallet! So, A card holder or a money clip? This accessory represents two objects in one. The card holder is equipped with a magnetic clip to stop the money, perfect for those who want to bring only what is necessary. The genuine calfskin accessory consists of three credit card compartments in the opposite delivery of the money clip. The money clip is available in three different colours and is made with top quality Italian materials.

Our collection boasts a wide selection, able to encompass the latest trends in fashion and absolute quality. It will be more than pleasant to go and see all the men’s wallets that in our online store are offered in a rich and exclusive range of colours, sizes and, all of them, with very advantageous costs. visit our e-commerce and choose the model that suits you best


wallet in real leather for woman

The leather wallets by Florence Leather Market


Investing in a quality wallet is as essential as a pair of boots, everyday handbag, or coat. The best wallets for women are as practical as they are fashionable. Depending on your preference, there’s a wallet to suit your taste and lifestyle. Do you consider yourself a minimalist? A sleek card case is calling your name. We love our understated version or our Intrecciato zippered wallet in bright kelly green. If you prefer a wallet that can fit a bit more than just your essential cards and ID, a compact, bi-fold, or tri-fold leather wallet is a viable option.

For an item that will get near-daily mileage, finding the perfect wallet is worth the time, and they also make a lovely holiday gift for moms, dads, and friends. Below, shop Florence Leather Market’s edit of the best wallets for women for every preference and style.

Let’s start

wallet in leather for woman

Minimalist way 

For the minimalist at heart, opt for a slim card case that will store all of your credit cards, ID, and more with ease. Shop ones in classic black to more vibrant pops of colour from Florence Leather Market. The perfect choice for when you wish to carry cards and cash in a smaller, slimmer silhouette. The Lisa Cash, card and ID wallet combines form and function offering 6 quick access card slots, a stackable larger card slot, and it’s available in 6 different colours. 

Compact Bi-Fold

If you are looking for a wallet that is compact in size but can fit a bit more than a standard card case, a bi-fold or trifold wallet is a happy medium. Considering Flora, genuine calfskin is a really good choice. Every detail, including the zip pocket for coins, has been designed to give birth to a functional but extremely glamorous wallet. A small wallet with the same capacity as a large one. Flora is a very large women’s wallet despite its small size.



For extra security in keeping your essentials fastened, a zippered wallet is ideal. Fortunately, there are a myriad of options in different colours, shapes, and sizes. Consider Zippy coin purse burgundy wallet. Internally the accessory consists of multiple pockets for credit cards and a compartment for banknotes, as well as a zip pocket for coins with puller. Peak and compact is the perfect model for the new spring summer 2022.

Crossbody wallet 

If you’re constantly on the go, a crossbody coin purse might be a suitable option. Great for anyone who commutes by bike or prefers to forgo handbags altogether, this is a lightweight and easy way to store your essentials. From commuting to travelling to everyday outings, the best crossbody bags are available in 6 different colours of styles, shades, and classic silhouettes. Discover our Aurora-the Small purse with silver chain strap, it is 100% manufactured in Italy.

We have specially developed an elegant collection of women’s wallets available in different colours, sizes and styles. Come and choose your favourite one. 



The best bag-gift in leather for the international women’s day

The best bag-gift for the international women’s day


Happy Women’s Day 

International Women’s Day is a global celebration which recognises the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women around the world, while calling to advance the movement for gender equality.

A gift is an excellent way to express appreciation and acknowledgment for a woman’s contribution to our life. But selecting the right gift is not always easier than it’s said. It may be that the woman you like already has everything she needs. Still, you must come out with a unique, attractive and useful gift. Fortunately, on Florence leather Market’s website you can find new gift idea;  From the colour red of Valentine’s Day to the yellow of Women’s DayYellow, besides, will be a hot trend for Spring/Summer 2022.

The best bag-gift for the international women’s day

If you want to be original, on 8 March you may give as a gift to your friends/sisters/mums/grannies a fashionable item on a day dedicated to women. Browse the gallery, you will surely find a nice gift you like, besides the classic chocolates or mimosa bunches. We have selected for you a number of trendy pieces, it-bags, clutch, wallet and belts perfect for this occasion.

Florence leather market comes up with this handbag combo that you can gift to your sister or wife this Women’s Day. Available with one main compartment, these handbags come with top zip closure. In addition to this, the offered product comes in the 23 x 9 x 13 cm dimension and weighs around 400 grams. All these handbags are designed using real leather material and 100% Made with Love by skilled and experienced artisans.

The best shoulder bags-gift for the international women’s day

 A gift with guaranteed success

Our Belinda bag comes with a soft and effective structure for every use. Of a soft grain leather refined and worked by our best craftsmen, and studied in the smallest spaces to ensure an all-round use. In addition to zippers and interior spaces, our Belinda offers an interior mini clutch with additional zipper to keep essential accessories close at hand and distinct as a collocation. Belinda is the go-to solution for any occasion, perfect for a leisurely stroll to hold everything you need. A gift with guaranteed success, especially if accompanied by a beautiful bouquet of mimosas. 

The favourite

Irma wants you to love what you buy and wear it often, which is precisely how you’ll feel about its thoughtfully designed leather bags. The monogram Tote is a new-season favourite, available in two sizes and in two classic brown shades and yellow leather. This luxury bag is made from buttery-soft Italian leather, with room to fit a trio of add-ons, like a laptop sleeve, flap bag, and adjustable shoulder strap. 

With one foot in the past and another in the present, designs practical bags in earthy colour palettes that read nostalgic and on trend at the same time. This shoulder bag in real leather is easily convertible into a backpack particle.

It’s hard to choose a favourite product from the brand’s beautiful collections, but it’s sure that inside our ecommerce store you will find the perfect article for the international women’s day.